Future Artificial Inteligence

Future AI


The optimism of AI researchers about the future has changed over the years, and even modern experts are arguing about it. Trevor Sands, an explorer of AI from Lockheed Martin, has been cautious in his assessments:

With the advent of SRI as a concept, researchers and optimists claim that it is not long to wait, just a few decades. Personally, I think that we will see the emergence of the AII in the next 50 years, since iron has been brought up to the level of theory, and more and more organizations see the potential in AI. AIS is a natural conclusion to existing attempts at investigating AI.

During this time, even a reasonable AI can appear, as Albert says (another AI researcher who asked us to mention him only by pseudonym):

I hope to see him during my lifetime. At the very least, I hope to see cars that are smart enough for people to argue whether they have consciousness. And what this really means is a more complicated question. If the mind means "self-consciousness", then it is not so difficult to imagine a smart machine with a model of itself.

Sands and Albert believe that today's research on neural networks and deep learning is the right path, which is likely to lead to the creation of OII in the near future. In the past, researchers either focused on ambitious attempts to create a strong AI, or on an essentially weak AI. There are OII between them, and so far the result of the work of neural networks looks fruitful, and most likely will lead to an even greater number of breakthroughs in the coming years. Large companies, in particular Google, clearly believe that this will be so .

AI rights

On the opposite side of the problem is the question: Does the AI ​​deserve protection and rights? If a reasonable AI would appear, is it possible to allow a person to simply turn it off? How to treat him? Animal rights are still very controversial, and so far there is no agreement on whether animals have consciousness or reason . 

Apparently, the same debate will unfold over creatures with AI. Will slavery force AI to work day and night for the benefit of mankind? Should we pay him for the services? What will AI do with this payment? 
It is unlikely that in the near future we will have answers to these questions, in particular, answers that suit everyone. “How can we guarantee that an AI, comparable to a person, will have the same rights as a person? Given that this intellectual system is fundamentally different from human, how can we determine the fundamental rights of AI? In addition, if we consider AI as an artificial form of life, do we have the right to take away this life from it (turn it off)? Before you create an OII, you need to seriously consider ethical issues, ”says Sands. 

As the study of AI continues, these and other ethical questions will undoubtedly be controversial. Apparently, we are still quite far from the moment when they will be relevant. But even now conferences are being organized to discuss them..

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